Animal studies, especially in English-speaking countries, is currently shaping a new field of science which has an important influence on art and literary theory and criticism. In Polish research a theoretical foundation for animal studies in culture, for analysis and interpretation of art and literature where animals appear, is needed.
The aim of this innovatory project is to introduce the interdisciplinary perspective of animal studies to culture studies in Poland: presenting animals as acting agents despite the fact that in Poland interest in human issues is more predominant. In Anglo-American and German-speaking countries, attentiveness to animals has revealed new changes in the culture and ethics of human interaction with animals. Practitioners and scholars have begun to reflect on the closeness and distance between species so highly visible in areas paradigmatic for hierarchical relations of people and animals (at a zoo, in a circus, laboratory, or slaughterhouse).